What is Dijon mustard and how to cook it at home

Dijon mustard beans

In this article we will tell you about French Dijon mustard. Let’s show her photo and you will know how she differs from the usual one. We will also give 4 recipes for preparing it at home.

What is Dijon mustard

Dijon mustard is mustard prepared in a special way and has an excellent taste and aroma. This sauce contains natural ingredients: mustard powder and milk powder. Coriander, cumin, salt and sugar are used as spices.

The sauce has a light golden color and a sourish-spicy taste. Its consistency becomes softer after cooling. Mustard made according to this recipe goes well with fish, meat, vegetables, and also goes well with rice, potatoes and eggs.

The mustard seeds included in the sauce cannot be cooked for a long time. If you do not boil them, they will completely retain their shape and fresh taste.

History of appearance

Dijon mustard appeared in the 6th century, but it became widely used only in the 19th century. It was invented by the French chef Jean-Louis Martin for the sauce he prepared in the city of Dijon. He began mixing white and black pepper, salt, cloves, dry garlic and onion.

Only after this, in 1871, did he try salting it, adding lemon juice and a little olive oil, which led to the creation of the Dijon version of mustard.

Grain mustard has a very sharp, piquant taste. It can also be used as an additive to various dishes; it goes well with meat.

Benefits and harms

French mustard has a beneficial effect on the digestive system, increases appetite and stimulates the gallbladder. The substances included in its composition have a beneficial effect on the human body.

For example, mustard seed has antioxidant properties, is a source of vitamins A, B, E, C, D, and also contains a large amount of microelements, iron, selenium and manganese.

However, we should not forget that mustard is a seasoning that can cause allergies.

What is the difference between Dijon mustard and regular and French mustard?

Dijon beans, white and regular table mustard

Dijon mustard comes in several varieties. The most popular of them are Dijon grain and Dijon white, which differ only in the addition of additional ingredients.

Dijon white mustard, as the name suggests, is made from cream and white wine. This type of mustard is also used in salads and served with white meat.

Dijon grain mustard is made with the addition of dry red wine, honey and spices. This type of mustard is suitable for both salads and meat.

Dijon mustard differs from French mustard in that it has fewer grains. In general, Dijon mustard can be mixed with any type of sauce, but in France they prefer the classic one.

Dijon mustard differs from regular mustard in that the grains in it are not crushed. It goes well with fish, meat and vegetable dishes.

The main difference in preparing Dijon mustard compared to other types is that it is prepared using whole grains.

How to make Dijon mustard

Making Dijon mustard is a special ritual that requires a lot of love for your craft.

After all, how nice it is at the end of winter, when a snowstorm is blowing outside and the temperature drops to sub-zero levels, to put on the table a plate of aromatic and tasty Dijon mustard, prepared with your own hands.

Classic recipe

In order to prepare Dijon mustard from grains, they must first be dried and ground. You can use a mortar or coffee grinder.


  • mustard seeds (black) – 4 tbsp. l.;
  • honey – 15 g;
  • garlic turnip – 100 g;
  • garlic – 1 clove;
  • vegetable oil – 1 tbsp. l.;
  • Tabasco sauce – a few drops;
  • salt – 5 g;
  • dry white wine – 200 ml.

How to cook:

  1. Chop the onion and garlic into smaller pieces and simmer together with the wine for about 5 minutes.
  2. Then rub the resulting sauce through a sieve and add chopped mustard to it.
  3. Add butter, salt, honey and Tobasco and simmer the sauce over low heat, stirring until it thickens (3-5 minutes).
  4. Let the mustard cool and brew for at least a couple of days.

In the classic version, black or dark colored seeds are used. This recipe can be prepared in a water bath, then the process will take a little longer. But the mustard will have a richer taste.

We are sharing with you a very similar video recipe, combine the ingredients and experiment!

Whole grain recipe

The recipe for making mustard beans may seem more complicated, but this makes the seasoning sauce even tastier.

We will need:

  • 0.5 l. wine vinegar;
  • 2 Art. l. salt;
  • 2 tsp. ground black pepper;
  • 2 teaspoons cinnamon;
  • 1 teaspoon of sugar;
  • 3 tbsp. spoons of mustard beans;
  • 4 Art. spoons of olive oil.

Cooking method:

  1. Mix mustard seeds with salt, sugar and pepper. Add vinegar, cinnamon and olive oil and mix well again.
  2. The resulting mixture is best added at the very end of cooking, when the dish is already ready. In this case, the mustard can be served immediately.

Original recipe

Preparing mustard according to the original recipe at home will take even less time than the previous recipe.

  • mustard in grains – 150 gr.;
  • sugar – 1.5 teaspoons;
  • salt – 1 teaspoon;
  • ground black pepper – 0.5 teaspoon;
  • apple juice – 135 ml;
  • apple cider vinegar – 2-3 tbsp. l.

Cooking method:

  1. Soak the mustard in the juice and vinegar and refrigerate overnight or longer until it absorbs all the moisture.
  2. Add salt and pepper and put on the fire, bringing to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for about 3 minutes.
  3. Let it cool a little and add honey, then lightly grind it with a blender, leaving most of the grains intact.
  4. Homemade Dijon mustard is ready!

Recipe for lemon mustard in a water bath

This is the easiest Dijon mustard recipe. Preparation will only take a couple of minutes, and the dish will turn out very tasty.

Suitable for those who do not have special kitchen equipment in their home.

Let’s take the following products:

  • mustard powder – 200 g;
  • water – 100 ml;
  • lemon – 0.5 pcs.;
  • sugar – 4 teaspoons;
  • salt – 2 tsp.

How to do:

  1. Mix all ingredients well and place in a water bath. Heat the sauce over low heat and simmer until thick. Don’t forget to stir the mixture.
  2. At the end of cooking, add lemon juice. When it is completely dissolved, pour the finished sauce into clean, dry jars and screw the lids on tightly.
  3. Once cooled, place on the refrigerator shelf. Dijon mustard is ready. Bon appetit!

Where to add Dijon mustard

Meat baked with mustard

Dijon mustard is added to various sauces and dressings for salads and snacks, as well as various types of dough, pizza, meat and fish dishes.

Unlike Russian mustard, Dijon mustard has a more pronounced pungent taste and spicy aroma, although it is somewhat more delicate in color.

Meat and poultry are baked in it, served as sauce for boiled pork and boiled tongue.

Mustard and meat are like brother and sister!

The taste of the sauce depends on the quality and quantity of Dijon mustard, so it is often not a pure sauce that is used, but a mixture of several types.

A barbecue marinade based on Dijon mustard does not have a pronounced mustard taste, but gives the meat an appetizing and delicate nutty aroma.

A sauce made from French Dijon mustard can be used in preparing any dishes, but it is still preferable to prepare it yourself by adding various spices and herbs.

Salad with Dijon mustard dressing is usually served with fish or meat dishes, but is also suitable for vegetable salads. But it is not recommended to use it as a sauce for pasta or pizza.

You can also prepare the famous vinaigrette sauce based on mustard.  And also a lot of piquant sauces.

What can be replaced

Dijon mustard is a product that cannot always replace mustard powder in taste and aroma. This can be done in the preparation of some sauces, but is mainly used as an additive to various dishes.

You can replace it with the following products: Russian mustard will taste a little different from French mustard, but it will be quite suitable.

Russian mustard paste (it is similar to mustard): suitable for preparing meat dishes, salads, meat rolls; French mustard: it is the hottest of all existing types of mustard, but more delicate and softer in taste than Dijon.

Grainy mustard is typically used for marinating meats, although it is also suitable for sandwiches, salads and sauces. It is also great as an additive to other types of mustard.

Unlike Dijon, grainy is not as hot and spicy, so it is suitable for people with a delicate digestive system; Provençal (French Provençal) mustard is milder in taste and consistency than Dijon.

It is used instead in preparing various dishes: salads, sauces and meat rolls.

To add special piquancy, spices such as rosemary, marjoram, thyme or basil are added to these dishes. French mustard is best suited to meat, seafood, and is also added to various salads or pickles.

Russian mustard is not recommended for consumption by people with stomach problems.

How to select and store

Varieties of Dijon mustard

Dijon mustard should have a thick consistency with a specific sweet and sour taste with spicy notes, grains and mustard aroma.

If the mustard grains become large, this indicates that the sauce is expired. When purchasing, you need to pay attention to the appearance of the sauce: it must be homogeneous, free from impurities and pieces of other products.

Unscrupulous manufacturers add various preservatives, dyes, flavors and thickeners to the sauce. Sauces cannot retain their properties for a long time and should be present in the kitchen of every housewife.

In order not to spoil the quality of the product, when purchasing sauce in a store, you need to pay attention to the expiration date, which is no more than 1 year.

Dijon mustard has a shelf life of 9 months, but if the sauce is in a dark, airtight container, it can remain usable for a year.

If you want to add something, leave your comments, we will be glad! And finally, we share another recipe from the famous chef.

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